How to do bankruptcy and company searches for commercial transactions
In business, it is prudent to conduct targeted enquiries such as bankruptcy and company searches on the party you are considering dealing with.
Conducting business with people who you don't know very well can be risky, especially when large sums of money are involved. Sometimes it's just not enough to rely on gut instinct or the say so of the parties involved.
It is prudent to conduct targeted enquiries or due diligence about the party you are considering dealing with in commercial transactions such as:-
- Commercial or retail leasing;
- Lending or credit arrangements;
- Hire/purchase or rental agreements; and
- Subletting or assigning of a lease.
To reduce the potential risk to your business or cash flow, you need make sure that your proposed tenant or borrower is viable with good cash backup, business experience and cash flow. You need to know if they have a good business name and positive referrals.
The most basic of the enquiries you should make and information you should ask for are:-
- personal identification;
- tax returns;
- bank account statements;
- referrals and references;
- clarification of business experience;
- credit checks;
- bankruptcy search.
In addition, if the tenant or borrowing entity is a company, you will need to do a company search to ascertain who the individuals are, who stand behind the company – the directors and shareholders.
It is common practice to request that company directors and/or shareholders give personal guarantees in commercial transactions such as leases or loan agreements. This ensures that any losses you may incur from the company, can be recovered from the individuals personally.
Companies have limited liability.
A tenant company could be a $2.00 off the shelf company with no assets or cash back up. Should things go wrong, it is easy for the company to cut its losses and simply walk away. A landlord would be limited to retrieving its losses from the company only - not the individuals who stand behind the company. For a leasing transaction, this would be pertinent if the security deposit (usually for an amount of between 1-6 months rent) is not enough to cover costs.
There are disadvantages associated with enforcing personal guarantees, namely the time and cost involved in legal proceedings, among other things. So you might wish to negotiate a higher security deposit in lieu of taking a personal guarantee. Security deposits of course, are much easier for a landlord to access, should things go sour, keeping in mind that they are a limited amount.
How do I do a company search and a bankruptcy search?
Two of the most common search portals in Australia are:-
These search portals are available to search a large number of different registries, including AFSA (bankruptcy searches), ASIC (company searches) PPSR and land searches.
Generally you register, pay a fee and then you are able to do any number of pertinent searches.
Citec have a useful pdf that explains their Corporate and Individual Searches.
By Ian MacLeod